Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Stockholders??? Equity

v3.21.2
Stockholders’ Equity
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2021
Equity [Abstract]  
Stockholders’ Equity

NOTE 5 - Stockholders’ Equity

 

Common Stock

 

On May 24, 2021, at a Special Stockholders Meeting, our authorized shares of common stock were increased from 12,000,000 to 24,000,000.

 

In January 2021, the Company closed a public offering of its securities in which it issued 1,711,783 shares of common stock at $3.00 per share, resulting in net proceeds of approximately $4,532,445 after deducting underwriting commissions and other offering expenses payable by the Company. Pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement, the Company also issued to the Underwriter or its designee warrants to purchase 136,943 shares of common stock. Such warrants have a term of five years and an exercise price of $3.75 per share.

 

In February 2021, the Company issued 263,200 shares of common stock pursuant to the exercise of warrants issued in our January 2020 private placement.

 

In March 2021, the Company issued 119,000 shares of common stock in exchange for the conversion of 250 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, including 19,000 shares of common stock as in-kind payment of preferred stock dividends. Also in March 2021, the Company issued 191,204 shares of common stock pursuant to the exercise of warrants issued in our April 2020 offering, and 21,591 shares of common stock issued pursuant to the cashless exercise of placement agent warrants.

 

In March 2021, the Company closed a public offering of its securities in which it issued 2,190,000 shares of common stock at $4.445 per share, resulting in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $8,736,487 after deducting placement agent commissions and other offering costs payable by the Company. In a concurrent private placement under the Purchase Agreement, the Company issued to the purchasers warrants to purchase an aggregate of 2,190,000 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $4.32 per share. Each Warrant became exercisable on May 24, 2021, the date the Company obtained stockholder approval of an increase in the authorized shares of the Company’s Common Stock and will expire two years from such date. The Company also issued to designees of the Placement Agent warrants to purchase up to 175,200 shares of Common Stock (the “Placement Agent Warrants”) constituting 8% of the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock sold in the Registered Offering. The Placement Agent Warrants have substantially the same terms as the Warrants, except that the Placement Agent Warrants have an exercise price equal to 125% of the offering price per share (or $5.55625 per share). Upon any exercise of the Warrants for cash, we have also agreed to pay the Placement Agent warrants to purchase 8.0% of the number of shares of our Common Stock issued upon the cash exercise of the Warrants.

 

In March 2021, Company issued 1,500 shares of common stock valued at $4.99 per share to CorProminence, an investor relations firm previously engaged by the Company as partial compensation for services previously rendered.

 

In September 2021, the Company granted 5,204 shares of common stock to non-executive employees pursuant to the 2013 Equity Incentive Plan.

 

On April 6, 2020, the Company closed a public offering of equity securities in which it issued 493,027 shares of common stock and pre-funded warrants to purchase up to 22,438 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company also issued Series A Warrants to purchase an aggregate of 515,465 shares of the Company’s common stock pursuant to a private placement. In connection with this offering, the Company issued Dawson James Securities, Inc., its Placement Agent, a warrant to purchase an aggregate of 41,237 shares of the Company’s Common Stock (which amount is based on the number of Common Shares and shares underlying the Pre-Funded Warrants) at an exercise price of $3.64 per share. Net proceeds to the Company after deducting offering expenses were approximately $1,230,000.

 

In the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 3,157,427 shares of common stock in exchange for the conversion of 6,109 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred stock, and 749,924 shares of common stock as in-kind payment of preferred stock dividends.

 

In the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company issued 25,851 shares of common stock for services.

 

 

Preferred Stock

 

The Company is authorized to issue 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, $0.001 par value. 465 and 583 shares of preferred stock were issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

In January 2020, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “SPA”) with certain institutional investors (the “Institutional Private Placement”). Pursuant to the SPA, the Company issued and sold 1,640 shares of the Company’s newly created Series D Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series D Preferred Stock”). Under the Certificate of Designations for the Series D Preferred Stock, the Series D Preferred Stock has an initial stated value of $1,000 per share (the “Stated Value”). Dividends accrue at a dividend rate of 9% per annum (subject to increase upon the occurrence (and during the continuance) of certain triggering events described therein) and, on a monthly basis, shall be payable in kind by the increase of the Stated Value of the Series D Preferred Shares by said amount. The holders of the Series D Preferred Shares will have the right at any time to convert all or a portion of the Series D Preferred Shares (including, without limitation, accrued and unpaid dividends and make-whole dividends through the third anniversary of the closing date) into shares of the Company’s Common Stock at the conversion price then in effect, which is $2.50 (subject to adjustment for stock splits, dividends, recapitalizations and similar events and full ratchet price protection). In addition, a holder may at any time, alternatively, convert all, or any part, of its Series D Preferred Shares at an alternative conversion price, which equals the lower of the applicable conversion price then in effect, and the greater of (x) $1.80 and (y) 85% of the average volume weighted average price (“VWAP”) of the Common Stock for a five (5) trading day period prior to such conversion. Upon the occurrence of certain triggering events, described in the Certificate of Designations, including, but not limited to payment defaults, breaches of transaction documents, failure to maintain listing on the Nasdaq Capital Market, and other defaults set forth therein, the Series D Preferred Shares would become subject to redemption, at the option of a holder, at a 125% premium to the underlying value of the Series D Preferred Shares being redeemed

 

At September 30, 2021 there were 132 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred stock outstanding, which if converted at the Conversion Price of $2.50 as of September 30, 2021, including the make-whole dividends, would have resulted in the issuance of 62,832 shares of common stock.

 

Concurrent with the Institutional Private Placement, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “SPA”) with certain of its directors and the Company’s previously largest shareholder (the “Other Private Placement”). Pursuant to the SPA, the Company issued and sold 333 shares of the Company’s newly created Series E Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series E Preferred Stock”). Dividends accrue at a dividend rate of 9% per annum and, on a monthly basis, shall be payable in kind by the increase of the Stated Value of the Series E Preferred Shares by said amount. The Series E Preferred Stock is initially convertible into 48,544 shares of Common Stock.

 

At September 30, 2021, all of the issued Series E Convertible Preferred Stock were outstanding, which if converted as of September 30, 2021, including the make-whole dividends, would have resulted in the issuance of 61,651 shares of common stock.

 

Deferred Compensation

 

In previous years and in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company issued to various employees, directors, and contractors shares of the Company’s common stock, subject to restrictions, pursuant to the 2013 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2013 Plan”). Such shares are valued at the fair value at the date of issue. The fair value is expensed as compensation over the vesting period and recorded as an increase to stockholders’ equity. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, $0 and $15,740, respectively, of the unvested compensation cost related to these issues was recognized.

 

At September 30, 2021, there was no unrecognized deferred compensation expense to be recognized over the remainder of the year.

 

 

Stock Options

 

On July 15, 2021, at the Annual Meeting of Stockholders of the Company, the Company’s stockholders approved an amendment to the 2013 Equity Incentive Plan to increase the number of shares of the Company’s common stock reserved for issuance under the 2013 Plan by 875,000 shares of our common stock to a total of 1,765,000 shares.

 

As of September 30, 2021, an aggregate of 335,152 shares of common stock remained available for issuance under the 2013 Plan.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company granted options to purchase a total of 697,831 shares of common stock to 34 employees, 4 directors and 4 consultants with vesting periods ranging from immediately upon issuance to three years beginning January 4, 2021.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company granted options to purchase a total of 472,183 shares of common stock to 20 employees, 5 directors and 5 consultants with vesting periods ranging from immediately upon issuance to 3 years beginning July 31, 2020.

 

The Company generally grants stock options to employees and directors at exercise prices equal to the fair market value of the Company’s stock on the dates of grant. Stock options are typically granted throughout the year and generally vest over four years of service and expire five years from the date of the award, unless otherwise specified. The Company recognizes compensation expense for the fair value of the stock options over the requisite service period for each stock option award.

 

Total share-based compensation expense included in the statements of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 is $893,431 and $483,208 of which $874,176 and $467,468 is related to stock options, respectively.

 

The fair value of share-based awards was estimated using the Black-Scholes model with the following weighted-average assumptions for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020:

 

Assumptions:

 

    2021     2020  
Dividend yield     0.00 %     0.00 %
Risk-free interest rate     0.190.70 %     0.22-1.52 %
Expected volatility     116.8- 123.8 %     114.0-117.0 %
Expected life (in years)     5       5  

 

 

Option activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020 was as follows:

 

          Weighted Average     Weighted Average        
          Exercise     Remaining     Aggregate  
          Price     Contractual     Intrinsic  
    Options     ($)     Life (Yrs.)     Value ($)  
Options outstanding at December 31, 2019     180,912       18.11       5.09       25,988  
Granted     579,998       2.55       4.57       -  
Exercised     -       -       -       -  
Forfeited or cancelled     (47,900 )     22.62       -       -  
Options outstanding at December 31, 2020     713,010       5.15       4.40       477,802  
Granted     697,831       3.29       4.64       46,800  
Exercised     (5,204 )     2.50       -       -  
Forfeited or cancelled     (5,230 )     4.41       -       -  
Options outstanding September 30, 2021     1,400,407       4.24       4.14       267,577  
Options expected to vest in the future as of September 30, 2021     574,146       3.59       4.29       110,275  
Options exercisable at September 30, 2021     826,261       4.68       4.04       157,302  
Options vested, exercisable, and options expected to vest at September 30, 2021     1,400,407       4.24       4.14       267,577  

 

The aggregate intrinsic value is calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the underlying awards and the quoted price of our common stock for those awards that have an exercise price currently below the $3.02 closing price of our common stock on September 30, 2021. None of the 2021 option grants have an exercise price currently below $3.02.

 

At September 30, 2021, there was $1,544,383 of unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to unvested share options with a weighted average remaining recognition period of 3.0 years.

 

Stock Appreciation Rights

 

On June 23, 2020, the board of directors (the “Board”) of the Company adopted the Sigma Labs, Inc. 2020 Stock Appreciation Rights Plan (the “Plan”). The purposes of the Plan are to: (i) enable the Company to attract and retain the types of employees, consultants and directors (collectively, “Service Providers”) who will contribute to the Company’s long range success; (ii) provide incentives that align the interests of Service Providers with those of the shareholders of the Company; and (iii) promote the success of the Company’s business. The Plan provides for incentive awards that are only made in the form of stock appreciation rights payable in cash (“SARs”). No shares of common stock were reserved in connection with the adoption of the Plan since no shares will be issued pursuant to the Plan.

 

SARs may be granted to any Service Provider. A SAR is the right to receive an amount equal to the Spread with respect to a share of the Company’s common stock (“Share”) upon the exercise of the SAR. The “Spread” is the difference between the exercise price per share specified in a SAR agreement on the date of grant and the fair market value per share on the date of exercise of the SAR. The exercise price per share will not be less than 100% of the fair market value of a Share on the date of grant of the SAR. The administrator of the Plan will have the authority to, among other things, prescribe the terms and conditions of each SAR, including, without limitation, the exercise price and medium of payment and vesting provisions, and to specify the provisions of the SAR Agreement relating to such grant.

 

 

On August 11, 2021, the Company granted, pursuant to the Plan, (i) 77,748 SARs to its President and Chief Executive Officer, (ii) 30,313 SARs to its Vice President of Business Development, (iii) 76,304 SARs to its Chief Technology Officer, and (iv) 48,580 SARs to its Chief Financial Officer. The exercise price of each such SAR is $3.42, which was the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant.

 

On June 23, 2020, the Company granted, pursuant to the Plan, (i) 60,094 SARs to its President and Chief Executive Officer, (ii) 12,019 SARs to its Vice President of Business Development, (iii) 24,038 SARs to its Chief Technology Officer, and (iv) 18,028 SARs to its Chief Financial Officer. The exercise price of each such SAR is $2.63, which was the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant.

 

SARs expire on the fifth anniversary of the grant date and may be settled only in cash. Additionally, each such SAR will vest and become exercisable in three equal (as closely as possible) installments on each of the first, second and third anniversaries of the grant date, subject, in each case, to the applicable SAR holder being in the continuous employ of the Company on the applicable vesting date, and, in the event of a Change in Control (as defined in the Plan), will become immediately vested and exercisable as long as the applicable holder is in the Company’s employ immediately prior to the Change in Control, and will otherwise be on such other terms set forth in the form of Stock Appreciation Rights Agreement.

 

The Company recognizes compensation expense and a corresponding liability for the fair value of the SARs over the requisite service period for each SAR award. The SAR’s are revalued at each reporting date in accordance with ASC 718 “Compensation-Stock Compensation”, and any changes in fair value are reflected in income as of the applicable reporting date.

 

The fair value of SAR awards was estimated using the Black-Scholes model with the following weighted-average assumptions for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020:

Assumptions:

 

    2021     2020  
Dividend yield     0.00 %     0.00 %
Risk-free interest rate     0.4 %     0.22 %
Expected volatility     122.8 %     116.8 %
Expected life (in years)     5       5  

 

SARs activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was as follows:

 

          Weighted Average     Weighted Average        
          Exercise     Remaining     Aggregate  
          Price     Contractual     Intrinsic  
    SARs     ($)     Life (Yrs.)     Value ($)  
                         
SARs outstanding at December 31, 2020     127,679       2.61       4.52       97,919  
Granted     242,945       3.43       4.86       -  
Exercised     -       -       -       -  
Forfeited or cancelled     -       -       -       -  
SARs outstanding September 30, 2021     370,624       3.15       4.49       51,955  
SARs expected to vest in the future as of September 30, 2021     250,975       3.19       4.52       29,687  
SARs exercisable at September 30, 2021     119,649       3.08       4.42       22,268  
SARs vested, exercisable, and options expected to vest at September 30, 2021     370,624       3.15       4.49       51,955  

 

The aggregate intrinsic value is calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the underlying awards and the quoted price of our common stock for those awards that have an exercise price currently below the $3.02 closing price of our common stock on September 30, 2021. None of the 2021 SARs grants have an exercise price currently below $3.02.

 

At September 30, 2021, there was $614,947 of unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to unvested SARs with a weighted average remaining recognition period of 2.87 years.

 

 

Warrants

 

Warrant activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 was as follows:

 

          Weighted Average     Weighted Average  
          Exercise     Remaining  
          Price     Contractual  
    Warrants     ($)     Life (Yrs.)  
Warrants outstanding at December 31, 2019     363,727       25.60       3.12  
Granted     1,481,995       3.22       4.89  
Exercised     -       -       -  
Forfeited or cancelled     -       -       -  
Warrants outstanding at September 30, 2020     1,845,722       7.64       4.39  
                         
Warrants outstanding at December 31, 2020     1,881,429       7.57       4.16  
Granted     2,602,143       4.36       1.89  
Exercised     (495,641 )     2.59       -  
Forfeited or cancelled     -       -       -  
Warrants outstanding at September 30, 2021     3,987,931       6.10       2.36  

 

In connection with its March 2021 private placement, the Company issued warrants to purchase 2,190,000 shares of its common stock at an exercise price of $4.32 per share. Each Warrant became exercisable on May 24, 2021, the date the Company obtained stockholder approval of an increase in the authorized shares of the Company’s Common Stock and will expire two years from such date. The Company also issued to designees of the Placement Agent warrants to purchase up to 175,200 shares of Common Stock (the “Placement Agent Warrants”) constituting 8% of the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock sold in the Registered Offering. The Placement Agent Warrants have substantially the same terms as the Warrants, except that the Placement Agent Warrants have an exercise price equal to 125% of the offering price per share (or $5.55625 per share). Upon any exercise of the Warrants for cash, we have also agreed to pay the Placement Agent warrants to purchase 8.0% of the number of shares of our Common Stock issued upon the cash exercise of the Warrants.

 

In connection with its January 2021 public offering, the Company issued to the Underwriter or its designee warrants to purchase 136,943 of shares of common stock. Such warrants have a term of five years from the commencement of sales in the Offering and an exercise price of $3.75 per share.

 

On January 8, 2021, the Company obtained a waiver (“Waiver”) from certain investors (“Investors”) with respect to certain anti-dilution adjustment provisions of a January 2020 warrant and an April 2020 warrant issued to the Investors. As consideration for the Waiver, the Company issued an additional warrant (“Warrant”) to the Investors to purchase an aggregate of 100,000 shares of common stock, each exercisable after six months for a five-year period with an exercise price equal to 115% of the closing price of the Company’s stock on the date of the waiver.