Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

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Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2019
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Nature of Business

Nature of Business -Sigma Labs, Inc., formerly named Framewaves, Inc., a Nevada corporation, was founded by a group of scientists, engineers and businessmen to develop and commercialize novel and unique manufacturing and materials technologies. Sigma believes that some of these technologies will fundamentally redefine conventional quality assurance and process control practices by embedding them into the manufacturing processes in real time, enabling process intervention and ultimately leading to closed loop process control. The Company anticipates that its core technologies will allow its clientele to combine advanced manufacturing quality assurance and process control protocols with novel materials to achieve breakthrough product potential in many industries including aerospace, defense, oil and gas, bio-medical, and power generation. The terms the “Company,” “Sigma,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Sigma Labs, Inc.

Basis of Presentation

Basis of Presentation - The accompanying financial statements have been prepared by the Company in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) in the United States of America. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include only normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows at June 30, 2019 and 2018 and for the periods then ended have been made. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted. The Company suggests these condensed financial statements be read in conjunction with the December 31, 2018 audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Form 10-K. The results of operations for the periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full year.

Reclassification

Reclassification - Certain amounts in prior-period financial statements have been reclassified for comparative purposes to conform to presentation in the current-period financial statements.

Loss Per Share

Loss Per Share - The computation of loss per share is based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic No. 260, “Earnings Per Share.” Shares underlying the Company’s outstanding warrants, options or note conversion features were excluded due to the anti-dilutive effect they would have on the computation. At June 30, 2019 the Company had 3,620,610 warrants, 1,108,192 stock options and a $50,000 Convertible Note Payable outstanding. The total number of shares of common stock underlying these instruments is 4,753,802. At June 30, 2018 the Company had 350 convertible preferred stock shares, 3,228,500 warrants, 664,707 stock options and a $50,000 Convertible Note Payable outstanding. The total number of shares of common stock underlying these instruments is 4,268,207.

  

The following data shows the amounts used in computing loss per share and the effect on income and the weighted average number of shares of dilutive potential common stock for the periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018:

 

    Three Months Ended June 30     Six Months Ended June 30  
    2019     2018     2019     2018  
                         
Net Loss per Common Share - Basic and Diluted   $ (0.15 )   $ (0.25 )     (0.31 )   $ (0.48 )
Loss from continuing                                
Operations available to Common stockholders (numerator)   $ (1,593,491 )   $ (1,388,804 )     (3,077,603 )   $ (2,559,680 )
                                 
Weighted average number of common shares Outstanding used in loss per share during the Period (denominator)     10,777,590       5,572,015       10,063,806       5,286,362  
Recently Enacted Accounting Standards

Recently Enacted Accounting Standards - The FASB established the ASC as the source of authoritative accounting principles recognized by the FASB to be applied by nongovernmental entities in the preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP. Rules and interpretive releases of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) issued under authority of federal securities laws are also sources of GAAP for SEC registrants.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases” which was issued to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. The amendments in ASU 2016-02 are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company has evaluated this standard and determined that it will not currently require any adjustment to Sigma’s financial reporting.

Accounting Estimates

Accounting Estimates - The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimated by management. Significant accounting estimates that may materially change in the near future are impairment of long-lived assets, values of stock compensation awards and stock equivalents granted as offering costs, and allowance for bad debts and inventory obsolescence.